Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 86, Issue 4, pp 1043–1055 | Cite as

Potential roles of anaerobic ammonium and methane oxidation in the nitrogen cycle of wetland ecosystems

  • Guibing Zhu
  • Mike S. M. Jetten
  • Peter Kuschk
  • Katharina F. Ettwig
  • Chengqing Yin


Anaerobic ammonium oxidation (anammox) and anaerobic methane oxidation (ANME coupled to denitrification) with nitrite as electron acceptor are two of the most recent discoveries in the microbial nitrogen cycle. Currently the anammox process has been relatively well investigated in a number of natural and man-made ecosystems, while ANME coupled to denitrification has only been observed in a limited number of freshwater ecosystems. The ubiquitous presence of anammox bacteria in marine ecosystems has changed our knowledge of the global nitrogen cycle. Up to 50% of N2 production in marine sediments and oxygen-depleted zones may be attributed to anammox bacteria. However, there are only few indications of anammox in natural and constructed freshwater wetlands. In this paper, the potential role of anammox and denitrifying methanotrophic bacteria in natural and artificial wetlands is discussed in relation to global warming. The focus of the review is to explore and analyze if suitable environmental conditions exist for anammox and denitrifying methanotrophic bacteria in nitrogen-rich freshwater wetlands.


Anammox Anaerobic methane oxidation Wetlands Nitrogen cycle 



This research is financially jointly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 20877086), National Basic Research Program of China (No. 2009CB421103), Knowledge Innovation Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (RCEES-QN-200706; KZCXI-YW-06-02), and special fund of the State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry (08Y04ESPCR). The anammox research of MJ is support by ERC Advanced grant 232937. Moreover, the Guibing Zhu wants to give special appreciation to German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) for their financially supporting the opportunity to visit the Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research–UFZ Leipzig-Halle, Germany and the Department of Microbiology, IWWR, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guibing Zhu
    • 1
  • Mike S. M. Jetten
    • 2
  • Peter Kuschk
    • 3
  • Katharina F. Ettwig
    • 2
  • Chengqing Yin
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic QualityResearch Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Institute for Water and Wetland Research, Department of MicrobiologyRadboud University NijmegenAJ NijmegenThe Netherlands
  3. 3.Helmholtz-Centre for Environmental Research–UFZLeipzigGermany

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