Induction of ortho- and meta-cleavage pathways in Pseudomonas in biodegradation of high benzoate concentration: MS identification of catabolic enzymes

Genomics and Proteomics


The degradation pathways of benzoate at high concentration in Pseudomonas putida P8 were directly elucidated through mass spectrometric identification of some key catabolic enzymes. Proteins from P. putida P8 grown on benzoate or succinate were separated using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis. For cells grown on benzoate, eight distinct proteins, which were absent in the reference gel patterns from succinate-grown cells, were found. All the eight proteins were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry as catabolic enzymes involved in benzoate degradation. Among them, CatB (EC5.5.1.1), PcaI (EC2.8.3.6), and PcaF (EC2.3.1.174) were the enzymes involved in the ortho-cleavage pathway; DmpC (EC1.2.1.32), DmpD (EC3.1.1.-), DmpE (EC4.2.1.80), DmpF (EC1.2.1.10), and DmpG (EC4.1.3.-) were the meta-cleavage pathway enzymes. In addition, enzyme activity assays showed that the activities of both catechol 1,2-dioxygenase (C12D; EC1.13.11.1) and catechol 2,3-dioxygenase (C23D; EC1.13.11.2) were detected in benzoate-grown P. putida cells, undoubtedly suggesting the simultaneous expression of both the ortho- and the meta-cleavage pathways in P. putida P8 during the biodegradation of benzoate at high concentration.


Benzoate biodegradation Ortho-cleavage pathway Meta-cleavage pathway Pseudomonas putida 2-DE MALDI-TOF MS 



This research work was supported by a research grant from the Singapore Ministry of Education Academic Research Fund (R-279-000-181-112). The authors gratefully acknowledge the National University of Singapore for providing the research scholarship to Bin Cao.


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© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical and Biomolecular EngineeringNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  2. 2.Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, 1 Research LinkNational University of SingaporeSingaporeSingapore
  3. 3.School of Life Sciences and Chemical TechnologyNgee Ann PolytechnicSingaporeSingapore

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