Challenges in microbial fuel cell development and operation


DOI: 10.1007/s00253-007-1027-4

Cite this article as:
Kim, B.H., Chang, I.S. & Gadd, G.M. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol (2007) 76: 485. doi:10.1007/s00253-007-1027-4


A microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a device that converts chemical energy into electricity through the catalytic activities of microorganisms. Although there is great potential of MFCs as an alternative energy source, novel wastewater treatment process, and biosensor for oxygen and pollutants, extensive optimization is required to exploit the maximum microbial potential. In this article, the main limiting factors of MFC operation are identified and suggestions are made to improve performance.


Microbial fuel cell Bioenergy Renewable energy 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Korea Institute of Science and TechnologySeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Muri Research TeamUniversity of Southern CaliforniaLos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of Environmental Science & EngineeringGwangju Institute of Science and TechnologyGwangjuSouth Korea
  4. 4.Research Center for Biomolecular NanotechnologyGwangju Institute of Science and TechnologyGwangjuSouth Korea
  5. 5.Division of Environmental and Applied Biology, College of Life SciencesUniversity of DundeeScotlandUK

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