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High activity of xylose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase improves xylose fermentation by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Abstract

Xylose fermentation performance was studied of a previously developed Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain TMB 3057, carrying high xylose reductase (XR) and xylitol dehydrogenase (XDH) activity, overexpressed non-oxidative pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) and deletion of the aldose reductase gene GRE3. The fermentation performance of TMB 3057 was significantly improved by increased ethanol production and reduced xylitol formation compared with the reference strain TMB 3001. The effects of the individual genetic modifications on xylose fermentation were investigated by comparing five isogenic strains with single or combined modifications. All strains with high activity of both XR and XDH had increased ethanol yields and significantly decreased xylitol yields. The presence of glucose further reduced xylitol formation in all studied strains. High activity of the non-oxidative PPP improved the xylose consumption rate. The results indicate that ethanolic xylose fermentation by recombinant S. cerevisiae expressing XR and XDH is governed by the efficiency by which xylose is introduced in the central metabolism.

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Acknowledgements

We thank Jitka Kubesova, Vasudevan Gururajan Thanvantri and Oenone McIntyre for technical assistance. The work was financially supported by the Swedish Energy Administration.

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Correspondence to Marie-F. Gorwa-Grauslund.

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Karhumaa, K., Fromanger, R., Hahn-Hägerdal, B. et al. High activity of xylose reductase and xylitol dehydrogenase improves xylose fermentation by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae . Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 73, 1039–1046 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-006-0575-3

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Keywords

  • Xylose
  • Xylitol
  • Xylose Reductase
  • Xylose Fermentation
  • Xylitol Yield