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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 67, Issue 5, pp 577–591 | Cite as

Xylanases from fungi: properties and industrial applications

  • M. L. T. M. Polizeli
  • A. C. S. Rizzatti
  • R. Monti
  • H. F. Terenzi
  • J. A. Jorge
  • D. S. Amorim
Mini-Review

Abstract

Xylan is the principal type of hemicellulose. It is a linear polymer of β-D-xylopyranosyl units linked by (1–4) glycosidic bonds. In nature, the polysaccharide backbone may be added to 4-O-methyl-α-D-glucuronopyranosyl units, acetyl groups, α-L-arabinofuranosyl, etc., in variable proportions. An enzymatic complex is responsible for the hydrolysis of xylan, but the main enzymes involved are endo-1,4-β-xylanase and β-xylosidase. These enzymes are produced by fungi, bacteria, yeast, marine algae, protozoans, snails, crustaceans, insect, seeds, etc., but the principal commercial source is filamentous fungi. Recently, there has been much industrial interest in xylan and its hydrolytic enzymatic complex, as a supplement in animal feed, for the manufacture of bread, food and drinks, textiles, bleaching of cellulose pulp, ethanol and xylitol production. This review describes some properties of xylan and its metabolism, as well as the biochemical properties of xylanases and their commercial applications.

Keywords

Lignin Cellulase Hemicellulose Xylitol Black Liquor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. L. T. M. Polizeli
    • 1
  • A. C. S. Rizzatti
    • 1
  • R. Monti
    • 2
  • H. F. Terenzi
    • 1
  • J. A. Jorge
    • 1
  • D. S. Amorim
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biologia, Faculdade de FilosofiaCiências e Letras de Ribeirão Preto-Universidade de São PauloRibeirão PretoBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Alimentos e NutriçãoFaculdade de Ciências Farmacêuticas da Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita FilhoAraraquaraBrazil

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