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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 71, Issue 4, pp 432–439 | Cite as

Bioconversion of agrowastes by Lentinula edodes: the high potential of viticulture residues

  • Rigoberto Gaitán-Hernández
  • Martín Esqueda
  • Aldo Gutiérrez
  • Alfonso Sánchez
  • Miguel Beltrán-García
  • Gerardo Mata
Biotechnological Products and Process Engineering

Abstract

The production of four strains of edible mushroom Lentinula edodes was evaluated through solid-state fermentation (SSF) of vineyard pruning (VP), barley straw (BS), and wheat straw (WS). Biological efficiency, proximal composition, and energy value of the fruiting bodies, as well as substrate chemical changes after harvest, were determined. The shortest primordium formation time (28 days), highest biological efficiency (93.25%), highest yield (37.46%), and shortest production cycle (6 days) were observed in VP. The fruiting bodies obtained from VP had high energy value (379.09 to 392.95 kcal) and contents of protein (12.37 to 17.19%), but low contents of fat (1.82 to 2.15%). After SSF, phenol concentration decreased on VP (1.2 mmol/L) and BS (0.31 mmol/L), but on WS remained practically the same. Hemicellulose decreased in all substrates; cellulose increased on WS and decreased in the rest of the treatments. Lignin decreased on WS and BS, but its concentration increased on VP. The variability observed in the degradation capacity of lignocellulosic components was influenced by the substrate's nature, environmental factors, and genetic factors among strains. VP has great potential for shiitake production due to its low cost, short production cycles, and high biological efficiency.

Keywords

Lignin Hemicellulose Sugar Cane Wheat Straw Fruiting Body 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank the Institute of Ecology and Research Center for Food and Development for financial support. Thanks are also due to biologists Carlos Ortega Sánchez and Norberto Cortés Esquivel of the Institute of Ecology, who generously offered their assistance in this research, and to doctors Jean Michel Savoie of France and Ruth de León of Guatemala for donating the strains employed.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rigoberto Gaitán-Hernández
    • 1
  • Martín Esqueda
    • 2
  • Aldo Gutiérrez
    • 2
  • Alfonso Sánchez
    • 2
  • Miguel Beltrán-García
    • 3
  • Gerardo Mata
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Ecología, ACVeracruzMexico
  2. 2.Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo, ACSonoraMexico
  3. 3.Universidad Autónoma de GuadalajaraJaliscoMexico

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