Microbial fibrinolytic enzymes: an overview of source, production, properties, and thrombolytic activity in vivo

  • Yong PengEmail author
  • Xiaojuan Yang
  • Yizheng Zhang


Accumulation of fibrin in the blood vessels usually results in thrombosis, leading to myocardial infarction and other cardiovascular diseases. For thrombolytic therapy, microbial fibrinolytic enzymes have now attracted much more attention than typical thrombolytic agents because of the expensive prices and the undesirable side effects of the latter. The fibrinolytic enzymes were successively discovered from different microorganisms, the most important among which is the genus Bacillus from traditional fermented foods. The physiochemical properties of these enzymes have been characterized, and their effectiveness in thrombolysis in vivo has been further identified. Therefore, microbial fibrinolytic enzymes, especially those from food-grade microorganisms, have the potential to be developed as functional food additives and drugs to prevent or cure thrombosis and other related diseases.


Fibrinolytic Activity Thrombolytic Agent Fibrinolytic Enzyme Nattokinase Thrombolytic Activity 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.College of Life SciencesSichuan UniversityChengduPR China
  2. 2.Department of Molecular and Cellular BiochemistryOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Program of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental BiologyOhio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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