High-level expression of d-amino acid oxidase (DAO) has been reported in Pichia pastoris by integrating the DAO gene under the control of the alcohol oxidase promoter (PAOX1). However, the time taken to reach peak product concentration is usually long (∼43 h), and cultivation requires tight regulation of methanol feeding. In this paper, we describe the expression of His-tagged DAO (HDAO) in P. pastoris using the glyceraldehydes-3-phosphate dehydrogenase promoter (PGAP). The maximal level of HDAO expression using the PGAP integrant is attained in 13 h and is equal to that obtained using the PAOX1 integrant in 43 h. We also explored the possibility of secreting HDAO in P. pastoris. In-frame fusion of Saccharomyces cerevisiae α-factor secretion signal under a PGAP or PAOX1 resulted in low-level secretion of active HDAO, which was not of practical use. The intracellularly expressed HDAO under PGAP was purified by agar-based affinity support and then immobilized on Amberzyme oxirane resin. The immobilized HDAO, with specific activity of 75 U g−1 (wet weight), could be recycled more than 14 times without significant loss of activity. The data suggest that intracellular production of HDAO under PGAP, followed by affinity purification and immobilization on oxirane resin, may serve as an effective process for the manufacture of immobilized DAO for industrial application.
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This work was supported by an 863 Hi-Tech Program grant (no. 2001AA235081). We thank Ms. Christine Robinson and Dr. Lindsay Sparrow for critical reading of this paper.
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Zheng, H., Wang, X., Chen, J. et al. Expression, purification, and immobilization of His-tagged d-amino acid oxidase of Trigonopsis variabilis in Pichia pastoris . Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 70, 683–689 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00253-005-0158-8
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