Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel γ-CGTase from alkalophilic Bacillus sp.
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We found a novel cyclodextrin glucanotransferase (CGTase) from alkalophilic Bacillus sp. G-825-6. The enzyme was expressed in the culture broth by recombinant Bacillus subtilis KN2 and was purified and characterized. The enzyme named CGTase825-6 showed 95% amino acid sequence identity with a known enzyme β-/γ-CGTase from Bacillus firmus/lentus 290-3. However, the product specificity of CGTase825-6 differed from that of β-/γ-CGTase. CGTase825-6 produced γ-cyclodextrin (CD) as the main product, but degradation of γ-CD was observed with prolonged reaction. The product specificity of the enzyme was positioned between γ-CGTase produced by Bacillus clarkii 7364 and B. firmus/lentus 290-3 β-/γ-CGTase. It showed that the difference of product specificity was dependent on only 28 amino acid residues in 671 residues in CGTase825-6. We compared the amino acid sequence of CGTase825-6 and those of other CGTases and constructed a protein structure model of CGTase825-6. The comparison suggested that the diminished loop (Val138-Asp142) should provide subsite -8 for γ-CD production and that Asp142 might have an important role in product specificity. CGTase825-6 should be a useful tool to produce γ-CD and to study the differences of producing mechanisms between γ-CD and β-CD.
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