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Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 65, Issue 3, pp 330–335 | Cite as

Reductive transformation of methyl parathion by the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC7120

  • J. W. Barton
  • T. KuritzEmail author
  • L. E. O’Connor
  • C. Y. Ma
  • M. P. Maskarinec
  • B. H. Davison
Original Paper

Abstract

Organophosphorus compounds are toxic chemicals that are applied worldwide as household pesticides and for crop protection, and they are stockpiled for chemical warfare. As a result, they are routinely detected in air and water. Methods and routes of biodegradation of these compounds are being sought. We report that under aerobic, photosynthetic conditions, the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. transformed methyl parathion first to o,o-dimethyl o-p-nitrosophenyl thiophosphate and then to o,o-dimethyl o-p-aminophenyl thiophosphate by reducing the nitro group. The process of methyl parathion transformation occurred in the light, but not in the dark. Methyl parathion was toxic to cyanobacteria in the dark but did not affect their viability in the light. Methyl parathion transformation was not affected by mutations in the genes involved in nitrate reduction in cyanobacteria.

Keywords

Nitro Group Anabaena Nitrate Reductase Activity Methyl Parathion Organophosphorus Pesticide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank L. Renee Rodgers, Alexander Francisco, and K. Thomas Klasson for technical assistance, and Elizabeth T. Owens for reviewing the manuscript. This research was supported by ORNL Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Program. ORNL is managed by UT-Battelle, LLC for the US Department of Energy under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. W. Barton
    • 1
  • T. Kuritz
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • L. E. O’Connor
    • 1
  • C. Y. Ma
    • 2
  • M. P. Maskarinec
    • 2
  • B. H. Davison
    • 1
  1. 1.Life Sciences DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  2. 2.Chemical Sciences DivisionOak Ridge National LaboratoryOak RidgeUSA
  3. 3.Center for Environmental BiotechnologyUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA

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