Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

, Volume 59, Issue 6, pp 618–628 | Cite as

A review of the production of ethanol from softwood

  • M. Galbe
  • G. ZacchiEmail author


Ethanol produced from various lignocellulosic materials such as wood, agricultural and forest residues has the potential to be a valuable substitute for, or complement to, gasoline. One of the major resources in the Northern hemisphere is softwood. This paper reviews the current status of the technology for ethanol production from softwood, with focus on hemicellulose and cellulose hydrolysis, which is the major problem in the overall process. Other issues of importance, e.g. overall process configurations and process economics are also considered.


Fermentation Lignin Cellulase Hemicellulose Ethanol Production 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag  2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Chemical Engineering 1, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, 22100 Lund, SwedenSweden

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