Polygalacturonase production by Aspergillus awamori on wheat in solid-state fermentation
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The production of exo-polygalacturonase (exo-PG) and endo-PG by Aspergillus awamori grown on wheat in solid-state fermentation was studied. Endo- and exo-PG activities were detected after 24 h of inoculation. Glucose released from starch hydrolysis acted as a catabolite repressor for the exo-PG enzyme. In contrast, endo-PG production was not affected by glucose repression. When milled grains were used, the particle-size distribution and the chemical composition of the medium influenced the rate of micro-organism growth and therefore the trend followed by endo- and exo-PG production. However, these two parameters did not affect the maximum production of exo-PG and endo-PG. For one of the milled samples, three different moisture contents were used (50, 55, 60%). Moisture contents of 60% provide a higher yield of pectinases by A. awamori.
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