Immunogenetics

, Volume 68, Issue 8, pp 677–691 | Cite as

The role of MHC class Ib-restricted T cells during infection

Review

Abstract

Even though major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class Ia and many Ib molecules have similarities in structure, MHC class Ib molecules tend to have more specialized functions, which include the presentation of non-peptidic antigens to non-classical T cells. Likewise, non-classical T cells also have unique characteristics, including an innate-like phenotype in naïve animals and rapid effector functions. In this review, we discuss the role of MAIT and NKT cells during infection but also the contribution of less studied MHC class Ib-restricted T cells such as Qa-1-, Qa-2-, and M3-restricted T cells. We focus on describing the types of antigens presented to non-classical T cells, their response and cytokine profile following infection, as well as the overall impact of these T cells to the immune system.

Keywords

Non-classical T cells Infectious diseases MHC class Ib NKT and MAIT cells 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Timothy Erick for the critical reading of the manuscript. This work was supported by National Institutes of Health Research Grant RO1 AI46709 and AAI Careers in Immunology Fellowship (L.B.) and National Institutes of Health Fellowship F31 AI124556 (C. K. A.)

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Division of Biology and MedicineBrown UniversityProvidenceUSA

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