Evolution, expression and effectiveness in a cluster of novel bovine β-defensins
The anti-microbial peptides β-defensins constitute a large family of innate immune effector molecules, conserved across a wide species range. In this paper, we describe a systematic search of the sequenced bovine genome to characterise this extensive gene family in Bos taurus, providing an insight into the pattern of conservation of β-defensin genes between species. We have sequenced a sub-set of these newly discovered bovine β-defensin genes and also report expression data for these genes across a range of tissues. We have synthesised the peptide product of one of these genes, bovine β-defensin 123, and found it to be a potent inhibitor of several pathogenic microbes, particularly Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes.
KeywordsAnti-microbial peptide Defensin Bovine Bioinformatic
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