MHC-BPS: MHC-binder prediction server for identifying peptides of flexible lengths from sequence-derived physicochemical properties
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- Cui, J., Han, L.Y., Lin, H.H. et al. Immunogenetics (2006) 58: 607. doi:10.1007/s00251-006-0117-2
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Major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-binding peptides are essential for antigen recognition by T-cell receptors and are being explored for vaccine design. Computational methods have been developed for predicting MHC-binding peptides of fixed lengths, based on the training of relatively few non-binders. It is desirable to introduce methods applicable for peptides of flexible lengths and trained by using more diverse sets of non-binders. MHC-BPS is a web-based MHC-binder prediction server that uses support vector machines for predicting peptide binders of flexible lengths for 18 MHC class I and 12 class II alleles from sequence-derived physicochemical properties, which were trained by using 4,208∼3,252 binders and 234,333∼168,793 non-binders, and evaluated by an independent set of 545∼476 binders and 110,564∼84,430 non-binders. The binder prediction accuracies are 86∼99% for 25 and 70∼80% for five alleles, and the non-binder accuracies are 96∼99% for 30 alleles. A screening of HIV-1 genome identifies 0.01∼5% and 5∼8% of the constituent peptides as binders for 24 and 6 alleles, respectively, including 75∼100% of the known epitopes. This method correctly predicts 73.3% of the 15 newly published epitopes in the last 4 months of 2005. MHC-BPS is available at http://bidd.cz3.nus.edu.sg/mhc/.