Measuring translational diffusion of 15N-enriched biomolecules in complex solutions with a simplified 1H-15N HMQC-filtered BEST sequence
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Pulsed-field gradient nuclear magnetic resonance has seen an increase in applications spanning a broad range of disciplines where molecular translational diffusion properties are of interest. The current study introduces and experimentally evaluates the measurement of translational diffusion coefficients of 15N-enriched biomolecules using a 1H-15N HMQC-filtered band-selective excitation short transient (BEST) sequence as an alternative to the previously described SOFAST-XSTE sequence. The results demonstrate that accurate translational diffusion coefficients of 15N-labelled peptides and proteins can be obtained using this alternative 1H-15N HMQC-filtered BEST sequence which is implementable on NMR spectrometers equipped with probes fitted with a single-axis field gradient, including most cryoprobes dedicated to bio-NMR. The sequence is of potential use for direct quantification of protein or peptide translational diffusion within complex systems, such as in mixtures of macromolecules, crowded solutions, membrane-mimicking media and in bicontinuous cubic phases, where conventional sequences may not be readily applicable due to the presence of intense signals arising from sources other than the protein or peptide under investigation.
Keywords1H-15N HMQC BEST Complex solutions Crowded solutions Detergent micelles Isotope-filtered PFG-NMR Translational diffusion
We thank Dr Aitor Moreno of Bruker for the source code of the 1H-15N HSQC-edited PFG-NMR sequence (Fig. S3, Supplemental Materials).
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