A new concept of olfactory biosensor based on interdigitated microelectrodes and immobilized yeasts expressing the human receptor OR17-40
- First Online:
- 246 Downloads
This work shows the feasibility of an olfactory biosensor based on the immobilization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast cells genetically modified to express the human olfactory receptor OR17-40 onto interdigitated microconductometric electrodes. This olfactory biosensor has been applied to the detection of its specific odorant (helional) with a high sensitivity (threshold 10−14 M). In contrast, no significant response was observed using a non-specific odorant (heptanal), which suggests a good selectivity. Thus, this work may represent a first step towards a new kind of bioelectronic noses based on whole yeast cells and allowing a real time monitoring of olfactory receptor activation.
KeywordsOlfactory biosensor Conductometric electrodes Odorant Human olfactory receptor
Sodium phosphate buffer saline
Somatostatin receptor 2