Microbial Ecology

, Volume 76, Issue 4, pp 991–1001 | Cite as

Vermamoeba vermiformis: a Free-Living Amoeba of Interest

  • Vincent Delafont
  • Marie-Helene Rodier
  • Elodie Maisonneuve
  • Estelle CateauEmail author
Environmental Microbiology


Free-living amoebae are protists that are widely distributed in the environment including water, soil, and air. Although the amoebae of the genus Acanthamoeba are still the most studied, other species, such as Vermamoeba vermiformis (formerly Hartmannella vermiformis), are the subject of increased interest. Found in natural or man-made aquatic environments, V. vermiformis can support the multiplication of other microorganisms and is able to harbor and potentially protect pathogenic bacteria or viruses. This feature is to be noted because of the presence of this thermotolerant amoeba in hospital water networks. As a consequence, this protist could be implicated in health concerns and be indirectly responsible for healthcare-related infections. This review highlights, among others, the consequences of V. vermiformis relationships with other microorganisms and shows that this free-living amoeba species is therefore of interest for public health.


Vermamoeba vermiformis Free-living amoebae Protists Water Microorganisms 



The authors are grateful to Jeffrey Arsham for revising the English text and to Prof. Yann Hechard for his helpful comments.


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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Ecologie et Biologie des Interactions, UMR CNRS 7267, Equipe Microbiologie de l’EauUniversité de PoitiersPoitiers CedexFrance
  2. 2.Laboratoire de parasitologie et mycologieCHU La MilètriePoitiers CedexFrance

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