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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 75, Issue 1, pp 264–273 | Cite as

Bartonella in Rodents and Ectoparasites in the Canary Islands, Spain: New Insights into Host–Vector–Pathogen Relationships

  • Estefania Abreu-Yanes
  • Aaron Martin-Alonso
  • Natalia Martin-Carrillo
  • Katherine Garcia Livia
  • Alessandro Marrero-Gagliardi
  • Basilio Valladares
  • Carlos Feliu
  • Pilar Foronda
Host Microbe Interactions
  • 217 Downloads

Abstract

Bartonella genus is comprised of several species of zoonotic relevance and rodents are reservoirs for some of these Bartonella species. As there were no data about the range of Bartonella species circulating among rodents in the Canary Islands, our main aim was to overcome this lack of knowledge by targeting both the citrate synthase (gltA) and the RNA polymerase beta subunit (rpoB) genes. A total of 181 small mammals and 154 ectoparasites were obtained in three of the Canary Islands, namely Tenerife, La Palma, and Lanzarote. The overall prevalence of Bartonella DNA in rodents was 18.8%, whereas the prevalence in ectoparasites was 13.6%. Bartonella sequences closely related to the zoonotic species Bartonella elizabethae, Bartonella tribocorum, and Bartonella rochalimae were identified in rodents, whereas two different gltA haplotypes similar to B. elizabethae were also detected in fleas. Furthermore, Bartonella queenslandensis DNA was also identified in rodents. A strong host specificity was observed, since B. elizabethae DNA was only found in Mus musculus domesticus, whereas gltA and rpoB sequences closely related to the rest of Bartonella species were only identified in Rattus rattus, which is probably due to the host specificity of the arthropod species that act as vectors in these islands. Our results indicate that humans may contract Bartonella infection by contact with rodents in the Canary Islands.

Keywords

Bartonella Bartonella elizabethae Rodents Ectoparasites Fleas 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by “Fundación CajaCanarias (BIO20).” We thank the Excmos. Cabildos Insulares of Tenerife, La Palma, and Lanzarote.

Supplementary material

248_2017_1022_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Table S1 (DOCX 15 kb).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Estefania Abreu-Yanes
    • 1
  • Aaron Martin-Alonso
    • 1
  • Natalia Martin-Carrillo
    • 1
  • Katherine Garcia Livia
    • 1
  • Alessandro Marrero-Gagliardi
    • 1
  • Basilio Valladares
    • 1
  • Carlos Feliu
    • 2
  • Pilar Foronda
    • 1
  1. 1.University Institute of Tropical Diseases and Public Health of the Canary IslandsUniversidad de La LagunaTenerifeSpain
  2. 2.University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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