Microbial Ecology

, Volume 71, Issue 1, pp 194–206 | Cite as

Structure of Manila Clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) Microbiota at the Organ Scale in Contrasting Sets of Individuals

  • Guillaume MeisterhansEmail author
  • Natalie Raymond
  • Emilie Girault
  • Christophe Lambert
  • Line Bourrasseau
  • Xavier de Montaudouin
  • Frédéric Garabetian
  • Florence Jude-Lemeilleur
Invertebrate Microbiology


Marine invertebrate microbiota has a key function in host physiology and health. To date, knowledge about bivalve microbiota is poorly documented except public health concerns. This study used a molecular approach to characterize the microbiota associated with the bivalve Manila clam (Ruditapes philippinarum) by determining (1) the difference among organs either or not under the influence of host habitat, (2) small-scale variability of microbiota, and (3) the experimental response of the Manila clam microbiota submitted to different lateral transmissions. These questions were investigated by sampling two groups of individuals living in contrasting habitats and carrying out a transplant experiment. Manila clam microbiota (i.e., bacterial community structure) was determined at organ-scale (gills, gut, and a pool of remaining tissues) by capillary electrophoresis DNA fingerprinting (CE fingerprinting). The Manila clam microbiota structure differed among organs indicating a selection of Manila clam microbiota at organ scale. Habitat strongly influenced gill and gut microbiota. In contrast, microbiota associated with remaining tissues was similar between group individuals suggesting that these communities are mostly autochthonous, i.e., Manila clam specific. Transplant experiment showed that improving living condition did not induce any change in microbiota associated with remaining tissues. In contrast, the reduction in individual habitat quality led to individuals in declining health as strongly suggested by the increase in phagocytosis activity and decrease in condition index together with the change in internal organ microbiota. This study provides a first description of the Manila clam holobiont which can withstand disturbance and respond opportunistically to improved environmental conditions.


Bivalve microbial communities Clam associated bacteria Transplant experiment 



This project is part of the REPAMEP project funding by LITEAU 3 (nL11-6778), a program of the French Ministry for Environment. The authors thank the shellfish industry CODIMER (Gujan-Mestras, 33-France) for having placed water bath used in the depuration process at our disposal. We thank the crew of R/V Planula IV (INSU) Francis Prince and Laurent Letort for help with clam sampling, and Andrea Niemi (Fisheries and Oceans Canada) for having improved the English.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guillaume Meisterhans
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  • Natalie Raymond
    • 1
    • 2
  • Emilie Girault
    • 1
    • 2
  • Christophe Lambert
    • 4
  • Line Bourrasseau
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xavier de Montaudouin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Frédéric Garabetian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Florence Jude-Lemeilleur
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Université de BordeauxArcachonFrance
  2. 2.CNRSArcachonFrance
  3. 3.Freshwater InstituteFisheries and Oceans CanadaWinnipegCanada
  4. 4.LEMAR UMR 6539, Unité Mixte UBO/CNRS/IFREMER/IRD, IUEMPlouzanéFrance

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