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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 67, Issue 1, pp 45–56 | Cite as

Seasonal Dynamics of Prokaryotic Abundance and Activities in Relation to Environmental Parameters in a Transitional Aquatic Ecosystem (Cape Peloro, Italy)

  • R. Zaccone
  • M. Azzaro
  • F. Azzaro
  • A. Bergamasco
  • G. Caruso
  • M. Leonardi
  • R. La Ferla
  • G. Maimone
  • M. Mancuso
  • L. S. Monticelli
  • F. Raffa
  • E. Crisafi
Microbiology of Aquatic Systems

Abstract

This study examines the effects of temporal changes on microbial parameters in a brackish aquatic ecosystem. To this aim, the abundances of prokaryotes and vibrios together with the rates of enzymatic hydrolysis of proteins by leucine aminopeptidase (LAP), polysaccharides by β-glucosidase (GLU) and organic phosphates by alkaline phosphatase (AP), heterotrophic prokaryotic production (HPP), respiration (R), were seasonally investigated, during a 2-year period in the coastal area of Cape Peloro (Messina, Italy), constituted by two brackish lakes (Faro and Ganzirri). In addition, physical and chemical parameters (temperature, salinity, nutrients) and particulate organic carbon and nitrogen (POC, PN) were measured. The influence of multiple factors on prokaryotic abundances and activities was analysed. The results showed that Cape Peloro area is characterised by high seasonal variability of the microbial parameters that is higher than the spatial one. Combined changes in particulate matter and temperature (T), could explain the variability in vibrios abundance, GLU and R activities in both lakes, indicating a direct stimulation of the warm season on the heterotrophic prokaryotic metabolism. Positive correlations between T (from 13.3 to 29.6 °C) and HPP, LAP, AP, POC, PN are also observed in Ganzirri Lake. Moreover, the trophic status index and most of the microbial parameters show significant seasonal differences. This study demonstrates that vibrios abundance and microbial activities are responsive to the spatial and seasonal changes of examined area. The combined effects of temperature and trophic conditions on the microbial parameters lead us to suggest their use as potential indicators of the prokaryotic response to climate changes in temperate brackish areas.

Keywords

Vibrio Particulate Organic Carbon Faecal Coliform Total Suspended Matter Trophic State Index 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This study is a contribution to the international IMBER project. The work was supported by funds from the MIUR VECTOR (2006–2009) project: Vulnerability of the marine Ecosystems to Climate changes and Their role in the Mediterranean Carbon cycles. Line 4: DIVCOST, Activity 5.2, 5.4: Study of the effects of climate variations in the ecology of pathogenic species and mussel culture in brackish coastal environments of the Cape Peloro lagoon area. The authors are grateful to the technical staff of IAMC-CNR Messina: Mr. Francesco Soraci and Mr. Alessandro Cosenza for their assistance during sampling and data elaboration.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Zaccone
    • 1
  • M. Azzaro
    • 1
  • F. Azzaro
    • 1
  • A. Bergamasco
    • 1
  • G. Caruso
    • 1
  • M. Leonardi
    • 1
  • R. La Ferla
    • 1
  • G. Maimone
    • 1
  • M. Mancuso
    • 1
  • L. S. Monticelli
    • 1
  • F. Raffa
    • 1
  • E. Crisafi
    • 1
  1. 1.CNR-IAMCInstitute for Coastal Marine EnvironmentMessinaItaly

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