Microbial Ecology

, Volume 66, Issue 4, pp 773–783

Seasonal Dynamics and Community Structure of Bacterioplankton in Upper Paraná River Floodplain

  • Josiane Barros Chiaramonte
  • Maria do Carmo Roberto
  • Thomaz Aurélio Pagioro
Microbiology of Aquatic Systems

Abstract

Knowing the bacterial community, as well as understanding how it changes during a hydrological pulse, is very important to understand nutrient cycles in floodplain systems. The bacterial community structure was analyzed in the 12 sites of upper Paraná River floodplain, and its changes during a flood pulse were described. In order to understand how high and low water phases change bacterial community by changing abiotical variables, the bacterial community distribution was determined in superficial water of 12 different sampling stations, every 3 months, from December 2010 to September 2011. The bacterial community structure and diversity was analyzed by fluorescent in situ hybridization, considering the main domains Bacteria and Archaea and the subdivisions of the phylum Proteobacteria (Alphaproteobacteria, Betaproteobacteria, and Gammaproteobacteria) and the Cytophaga–Flavobacterium cluster. Smaller densities were observed on ebb and low water periods and the highest density was observed in March 2011. The high water period caused a decrease in diversity because of the lost of equitability. The highest values of Shannon–Wiener index were found on December 2010 and September 2011. The nutrients runoff to the aquatic environments of the floodplain promoted an increase in the total bacterial density during the high water phase as well as changes in bacterial community composition. The bacterial community presented both spatial and temporal differences. Yet, temporal changes in limnological characteristics of the floodplain were the most important predictor of bacterial community and also influenced its diversity.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josiane Barros Chiaramonte
    • 1
  • Maria do Carmo Roberto
    • 2
  • Thomaz Aurélio Pagioro
    • 3
  1. 1.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia de Ambientes Aquáticos ContinentaisUniversidade Estadual de MaringáMaringáBrazil
  2. 2.DBI/NUPELIA/PEAUniversidade Estadual de MaringáMaringáBrazil
  3. 3.Departamento Acadêmico de Química e BiologiaUniversidade Tecnológica Federal do ParanáCuritibaBrazil

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