Microbial Ecology

, Volume 66, Issue 2, pp 471–478 | Cite as

Identification of Bacterial Infection in Neotropical Primates

  • Andre Menezes-Costa
  • Erik Machado-Ferreira
  • Carolina M. Voloch
  • Cibele R. Bonvicino
  • Hector N. Seuánez
  • Orilio Leoncini
  • Carlos A. G. SoaresEmail author
Host Microbe Interactions


Emerging infectious diseases usually arise from wild animal populations. In the present work, we performed a screening for bacterial infection in natural populations of New World primates. The blood cell bulk DNAs from 181 individuals of four Platyrrhini genera were PCR screened for eubacterial 16S rRNA genes. Bacteria were detected and identified in 13 distinct individuals of Alouatta belzebul, Alouatta caraya, and Cebus apella monkeys from geographically distant regions in the states of Mato Grosso and Pará, Brazil. Sequence analyses showed that these Platyrrhini bacteria are closely related not only to human pathogens Pseudomonas spp. but also to Pseudomonas simiae and sheep-Acari infecting Pseudomonas spp. The identified Pseudomonas possibly represents a group of bacteria circulating in natural monkey populations.


Pseudomonas Nonhuman Primate JC69 Model Neotropical Primate Pseudomonas Mendocina 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This work was supported by the Rio de Janeiro state agency FAPERJ (Brazil) (grant no. E26/11.388/2012—Apoio ao Estudo da Biodiversidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro-2012- Biota-RJ) and in part by the Brazilian federal agencies CNPq and CAPES (Brazil). The authors would like to thank Dr. Miguel A. M. Moreira for sampling/analyses support; Dr. Carlos Guerra Schrago for the thoughtful review; Ms. Maria de Fátima S. Cardoso, Mr. Luiz F. P. Frade, and Mr. Sílvio P. Nascimento for excellent technical assistance; and Dr. Nordin S. Zeidner (CDC/Division of Vector-Borne Infectious Diseases, USA) for constructive comments.

Supplementary material

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Andre Menezes-Costa
    • 1
  • Erik Machado-Ferreira
    • 2
  • Carolina M. Voloch
    • 3
  • Cibele R. Bonvicino
    • 4
  • Hector N. Seuánez
    • 4
  • Orilio Leoncini
    • 4
  • Carlos A. G. Soares
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Laboratório de Genética Molecular de Eucariontes e Simbiontes, Departamento de Genética, Instituto de BiologiaUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  2. 2.Lab. Referência Nacional em Vetores das RiquetsiosesInstituto Oswaldo Cruz−FioCruzRio de JaneiroBrazil
  3. 3.Laboratório de Biologia Teórica e Aplicada, Departamento de Genética, Instituto de BiologiaUniversidade Federal do Rio de JaneiroRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.Instituto Nacional do Câncer/Divisão de GenéticaRio de JaneiroBrazil

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