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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 65, Issue 4, pp 852–859 | Cite as

Changing Views of the Interconnections Between the Oceans and Human Health in Europe

  • M. H. Depledge
  • A. J. Harvey
  • C. Brownlee
  • M. Frost
  • M. N. Moore
  • L. E. Fleming
Minireviews

Abstract

Early steps in the emergence of the discipline of “Oceans and Human Health” are charted in the USA and discussed in relation to past and present marine environment and human health research activities in Europe. Differences in terminology are considered, as well as differences in circumstances related to the various seas of Europe and the intensity of human coastal activity and impact. Opportunities to progress interdisciplinary research are described, and the value of horizon scanning for the early identification of emerging issues is highlighted. The challenges facing researchers and policymakers addressing oceans and human health issues are outlined and some suggestions offered regarding how further progress in research and training into both the risks and benefits of Oceans and Human Health might be made on both sides of the Atlantic.

Keywords

Marine Ecosystem Marine Pollution European Environment Agency Marine Biological Association Common Fishery Policy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The European Centre for Environment and Human Health (part of the University of Exeter Medical School) is supported by investment from the European Regional Development Fund and the European Social Fund Convergence Programme for Cornwall and the Isles of Scilly. Andrea Harvey is supported by a NERC Ph.D. studentship.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. H. Depledge
    • 1
  • A. J. Harvey
    • 1
    • 3
  • C. Brownlee
    • 2
  • M. Frost
    • 2
  • M. N. Moore
    • 1
    • 3
  • L. E. Fleming
    • 1
  1. 1.European Centre for Environment and Human HealthUniversity of Exeter Medical SchoolCornwallUK
  2. 2.The Marine Biological Association of the United KingdomPlymouthUK
  3. 3.Plymouth Marine LaboratoryPlymouthUK

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