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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 61, Issue 4, pp 811–820 | Cite as

Geographical and Temporal Dissemination of Salmonellae Isolated from Domestic Animal Hosts in the Culiacan Valley, Mexico

  • Maribel Jiménez
  • Jaime Martínez-Urtaza
  • Cristobal ChaidezEmail author
Environmental Microbiology

Abstract

The prevalence and diversity of salmonellae from domestic animal hosts were investigated in the Culiacan Valley, Mexico. A total of 240 farm animal feces (cows, chicken, and sheep) were evaluated for Salmonella spp. presence from July 2008 to June 2009. Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica strains were isolated from 76 samples (31.7%), and 20 serotypes were identified being Salmonella Oranienburg (25%), Salmonella Give (14%), Salmonella Saintpaul (12%), and Salmonella Minnesota (11%) the most frequent isolates. Twenty-four percent (18/76) of the isolates were resistant to ampicillin. Salmonella Oranienburg, Salmonella Minnesota, Salmonella Give, Salmonella Agona, Salmonella Weltevreden, and Salmonella Newport serotypes showed multiple pulsed-field electrophoresis patterns. Salmonella Oranienburg was the dominant serotype in the Culiacan Valley; however, no specific distribution patterns were detected in animal sources or sampling sites. The genetic diversity of salmonellae could be an evidence of the continuous animal exposition to the bacteria. Also, Salmonella adaptation in asymptomatic animals could be justified by the development of natural host immunity. This study provides novel information about Salmonella population distribution in domestic animals living at tropical areas. The presence of asymptomatic carriers may be critical to understand the routes of transmission of Salmonella in areas of high disease prevalence.

Keywords

PFGE Type Animal Feces Prevalent Serotype Microbial Source Tracking Sheep Feces 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Marisol Castañeda, Célida Martínez, and Ariel Ramírez from CIAD Culiacan for sample recovery and Salmonella isolation. Also, we thank Silvia Carles, Estela Nuñez, Isa Mayán, and Sandra Fernandez from USC for technical assistance in Salmonella characterization.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maribel Jiménez
    • 1
  • Jaime Martínez-Urtaza
    • 2
  • Cristobal Chaidez
    • 1
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Centro de Investigación en Alimentación y Desarrollo ACCuliacanMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de AcuiculturaUniversidad de Santiago de CompostelaSantiago de CompostelaSpain
  3. 3.Food and Environmental Microbiology Lab. CIADCuliacanMexico

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