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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 60, Issue 4, pp 721–729 | Cite as

Comparative Genome Analysis of Prevotella ruminicola and Prevotella bryantii: Insights into Their Environmental Niche

  • Janaki Purushe
  • Derrick E. Fouts
  • Mark Morrison
  • Bryan A. White
  • Roderick I. Mackie
  • the North American Consortium for Rumen Bacteria
  • Pedro M. Coutinho
  • Bernard Henrissat
  • Karen E. NelsonEmail author
Genes and Genomes

Abstract

The Prevotellas comprise a diverse group of bacteria that has received surprisingly limited attention at the whole genome-sequencing level. In this communication, we present the comparative analysis of the genomes of Prevotella ruminicola 23 (GenBank: CP002006) and Prevotella bryantii B14 (GenBank: ADWO00000000), two gastrointestinal isolates. Both P. ruminicola and P. bryantii have acquired an extensive repertoire of glycoside hydrolases that are targeted towards non-cellulosic polysaccharides, especially GH43 bifunctional enzymes. Our analysis demonstrates the diversity of this genus. The results from these analyses highlight their role in the gastrointestinal tract, and provide a template for additional work on genetic characterization of these species.

Keywords

Synteny Block Ruminal Bacterium Local Synteny Shared Synteny Ruminal Content 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The North American Consortium for Genomics of Fibrolytic Ruminal Bacteria includes I. K. O. Cann, R. I. Mackie, and B. A. White (University of Illinois), C. W. Forsberg (University of Guelph), E. Mongodin and S. Daugherty (University of Maryland), J. B. Russell and D. B. Wilson (Cornell University), W. C. Nelson (UCLA), Karen E. Nelson (JCVI) and Mark Morrison (The Ohio State University). The Consortium was supported by the Initiative for Future Agriculture and Food Systems, Grant no. 2000-52100-9618 and Grant No 2001-52100-11330, from the USDA Cooperative State Research, Education, and Extension Service's National Research Initiative Competitive Grants Program. We also gratefully acknowledge the support from Tanja Davidson and Granger Sutton at the JCVI for their recent assistance with the Fibrumba database and webpage curation. We also thank Jonathan Badger for the use of his tree-building scripts.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Janaki Purushe
    • 1
  • Derrick E. Fouts
    • 1
  • Mark Morrison
    • 2
    • 5
  • Bryan A. White
    • 3
  • Roderick I. Mackie
    • 3
  • the North American Consortium for Rumen Bacteria
  • Pedro M. Coutinho
    • 4
  • Bernard Henrissat
    • 4
  • Karen E. Nelson
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Human Genomic MedicineThe J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI)RockvilleUSA
  2. 2.The MAPLE Research Initiative, Department of Animal SciencesThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA
  3. 3.Departments of Animal Sciences and PathobiologyUniversity of IllinoisUrbanaUSA
  4. 4.Architecture et Fonction des Macromolécules BiologiquesUMR6098, CNRS and Universités of Aix-Marseille I and IIMarseilleFrance
  5. 5.CSIRO Livestock Industries, Queensland Bioscience PrecinctSt LuciaAustralia

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