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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 57, Issue 1, pp 1–3 | Cite as

Next-Generation Sequencing—the Promise and Perils of Charting the Great Microbial Unknown

  • Lori A. S. Snyder
  • Nick Loman
  • Mark J. Pallen
  • Charles W. Penn
Brief Report

Studies of microorganisms in pure laboratory culture for over a century have delivered fruitful insights into microbial genetics and physiology, underpinning biotechnology, and molecular biology. Yet most bacteria cannot be or have not been cultured under laboratory conditions. Microorganisms in their natural environments live in complex, mixed, and interdependent microbial communities (e.g. in soil, feces, sewage, rivers, oceans), with key roles in the biosphere. These systems are intimately connected with the big challenges for the future of human existence: agriculture and food production, diet and health, and impact of human communities on the natural environment. Knowledge and understanding of the biodiversity of bacteria is minimal in comparison with the diversity of higher plants and animals, where perhaps 90–99% of all species are known. In stark contrast, it is estimated that less than 1% of bacterial diversity is known. Even in the human microbial ecosystem, which has...

Keywords

Microbial Ecosystem Ammonia Monooxygenase Colony Collapse Disorder Single Molecule Sequencing Israeli Acute Paralysis Virus 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lori A. S. Snyder
    • 1
  • Nick Loman
    • 1
  • Mark J. Pallen
    • 1
  • Charles W. Penn
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre for Systems BiologyUniversity of BirminghamEdgbastonUK
  2. 2.School of BiosciencesUniversity of BirminghamEdgbastonUK

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