Microbial Ecology

, Volume 55, Issue 1, pp 130–140 | Cite as

Ecological Occurrence of Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus and Nitrogen-fixing Acetobacteraceae Members: Their Possible Role in Plant Growth Promotion

  • V.S. Saravanan
  • M. Madhaiyan
  • Jabez Osborne
  • M. Thangaraju
  • T.M. Sa


Gluconacetobacter diazotrophicus has a long-standing history of bacterial-plant interrelationship as a symbiotic endophyte capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen. In low nitrogen fertilized sugarcane fields it plays a significant role and its occurrence was realised in most of the sugarcane growing countries. In this mini review, the association of G. diazotrophicus with sugarcane, other crop plants and with various hosts is discussed. The factors affecting survival in the rhizosphere and the putative soil mode of transmission are emphasized. In addition, other N2-fixing Acetobacteraceae members, including Gluconacetobacter azotocaptans, Gluconacetobacter johannae and Swaminathania salitolerans, occurring in coffee, corn and rice plants are also covered. Lastly, the plant-growth-promoting traits identified in this group of bacteria, including N2 fixation, phytohormone synthesis, P and Zn solubilization and biocontrol, are analysed.


Sugarcane Rhizosphere Soil Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Plant Growth Promotion Endophytic Bacterium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



This paper is dedicated in memory of Johanna Döbereiner, who was the discoverer of G. diazotrophicus and eminent soil microbiologist of Brazil. We thank S. Poonguzhali and R. Anandham, Chungbuk National University for the critical reading of the manuscript. CSIR-UGC, India is gratefully acknowledged for their financial support and V.S.S. was supported as a postdoctoral fellow under the Brain Korea 21 programme, Korea Research Foundation, Republic of Korea. This work was supported by the research grant of Chungbuk National University 2006.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • V.S. Saravanan
    • 1
    • 2
  • M. Madhaiyan
    • 2
  • Jabez Osborne
    • 1
  • M. Thangaraju
    • 3
  • T.M. Sa
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Bio-Technology, Chemical and Bio-Medical EngineeringVellore Institute of Technology (VIT) UniversityVelloreIndia
  2. 2.Department of Agricultural ChemistryChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Agricultural MicrobiologyTamil Nadu Agricultural UniversityCoimbatoreIndia

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