Microbial Ecology

, Volume 53, Issue 4, pp 700–707 | Cite as

Diversity of Cultivated and Uncultivated Actinobacterial Endophytes in the Stems and Roots of Rice

  • Xinli Tian
  • Lixiang Cao
  • Hongming Tan
  • Weiqing Han
  • Ming Chen
  • Yuhuan Liu
  • Shining Zhou


A dual approach consisting of cultivation and molecular retrieval of actinobacterial 16S rRNA genes was used to characterize the diversity of actinobacterial community inhabiting interior of rice stems and roots. Streptomyces is the most frequently isolated genus from rice stems and roots. Forty-five clones chosen randomly among 250 clones in the 16S rRNA gene clone library from roots were affiliated with nine genera of actinobacteria and uncultured actinobacteria (Mycobacterium, Streptomyces, Micromonospora, Actinoplanes, Frankia, Dactylosporangium, Amycolatopsis, Corynebacterium, Rhodococcus, and uncultured actinobacterium). However, 33 clones from stems were affiliated with four genera and uncultured actinobacteria (Streptomyces, Mycobacterium, Nocardiodies, Janibacter, uncultured earthworm cast bacterium, uncultured earthworm intestine bacterium, and uncultured actinobacterium). Species similar to S. cyaneus were isolated from surface-sterilized roots and stems of rice and detected inside rice roots by culture-independent methods. Species similar to S. caviscabies, S. scabies, and S. turgidiscabies were simultaneously detected from the interior of rice stems by the culture-dependent and culture-independent methods. S. galilaeus was detected from the interior of rice stems and roots. These results indicated that some actinobacterial populations in rice stems were correlated with those in roots.


Streptomyces Actinobacteria Rice Root Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Analysis Scabies 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



We thank Prof. Renduo Zhang for good advice in writing the manuscript. This work was supported by Chinese National Natural Science Fund grants 30370030 and 30570037; the Department of Science and Technology, Guangdong Province, China grant 2004060225; and Youth Faculty Foundation of Zhongshan University.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xinli Tian
    • 1
    • 2
  • Lixiang Cao
    • 1
  • Hongming Tan
    • 1
  • Weiqing Han
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ming Chen
    • 1
  • Yuhuan Liu
    • 1
  • Shining Zhou
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory for Biocontrol and Department of Biochemistry, College of Life SciencesZhongshan (Sun Yatsen) University GuangzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Shanghai Institute for Biological ScienceChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

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