Microbial Ecology

, Volume 53, Issue 2, pp 197–207

Biogeography: An Emerging Cornerstone for Understanding Prokaryotic Diversity, Ecology, and Evolution


DOI: 10.1007/s00248-005-5010-2

Cite this article as:
Ramette, A. & Tiedje, J.M. Microb Ecol (2007) 53: 197. doi:10.1007/s00248-005-5010-2


New questions about microbial ecology and diversity combined with significant improvement in the resolving power of molecular tools have helped the reemergence of the field of prokaryotic biogeography. Here, we show that biogeography may constitute a cornerstone approach to study diversity patterns at different taxonomic levels in the prokaryotic world. Fundamental processes leading to the formation of biogeographic patterns are examined in an evolutionary and ecological context. Based on different evolutionary scenarios, biogeographic patterns are thus posited to consist of dramatic range expansion or regression events that would be the results of evolutionary and ecological forces at play at the genotype level. The deterministic or random nature of those underlying processes is, however, questioned in light of recent surveys. Such scenarios led us to predict the existence of particular genes whose presence or polymorphism would be associated with cosmopolitan taxa. Furthermore, several conceptual and methodological pitfalls that could hamper future developments of the field are identified, and future approaches and new lines of investigation are suggested.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Microbial EcologyMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Max Planck Institute for Marine MicrobiologyBremenGermany

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