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Microbial Ecology

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 48–63 | Cite as

The Ecology of Testate Amoebae (Protists) in Sphagnum in North-western Poland in Relation to Peatland Ecology

  • Mariusz LamentowiczEmail author
  • Edward A. D. Mitchell
Article

Abstract

We studied the relationship between testate amoebae (Protozoa) communities and the depth to the water table (DWT), pH, conductivity, and microhabitat type in Sphagnum dominated peatlands of north-western Poland and built predictive (transfer function) models for inferring DWT and pH based on the testate amoebae community structure. Such models can be used for peatland monitoring and paleoecology. A total of 52 testate amoebae taxa were recorded. In a redundancy analysis, DWT and pH explained 20.1% of the variation in the species data and allowed us to identify three groups of taxa: species that are associated with (1) high DWT and low pH, (2) low DWT and low pH, and (3) high pH and mid-range DWT. Our transfer function models allow DWT and pH to be estimated with mean errors of 9.89 cm and 0.71 pH units. The prediction error of the DWT model and the tolerance of the species both increase with increasing dryness. This pattern mirrors the ecology of Sphagnum mosses: Species growing in wet habitats are more sensitive to change in water table depth than the species growing in drier microhabitats. Our results are consistent with studies of testate amoeba ecology in other regions, and they provide additional support for the use of these organisms in paleoecological and biomonitoring contexts.

Keywords

Water Table Depth Transfer Function Model Weighted Average Testate Amoeba Ombrotrophic Mire 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are indebted to Krystyna Szeroczyńska. Kazimierz Tobolski, Jaroslaw Pająkowski, and Ryszard Ortowski for allowing M.L. to perform SEM imaging and to Mirostaw Makohonienko for inspiration and discussions. We thank Jerry Kudenov and Keiko Kishaba, University of Alaska Anchorage, for providing the SEM illustration of Trigonopyxis arcula in Fig. 8. We also thank Łukasz Lamentowicz and Micha Woszczyk for their invaluable help in the field, as well as Matgorzata Suchorska for assistance in sample preparation.

This work is part of a research grant funded by the Polish Ministry of Scientific Research and Information Technology (No. 3 P04G 04323).

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© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Biogeography and PalaeoecologyInstitute of Palaeogeography and Geo–ecology, Adam Mickiewicz University in PoznanPoznańPoland
  2. 2.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity of Alaska AnchorageAnchorageUSA
  3. 3.Laboratoire des Systèmes Écologi-que-ECOS-École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), and Institut Féd´rale de Recherches WSLLausanneSwitzerland

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