Ultrasound findings in children with toxocariasis: report on 18 cases
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Purpose. To evaluate abdominal ultrasound (US) findings in children infected with Toxocara canis.Materials and methods. Eighteen children, 18 months to 7 years of age, with serological diagnosis of T. canis infection underwent abdominal US. Eosinophil counts, hemoglobin levels and immunoglobulin E titers were measured for all patients. Results. Abdominal ultrasound revealed multiple hypoechoic areas in the livers of 15 patients (83.3 %). Hepatohilar lymph-node enlargement was present in 14 patients (77.7 %), 2 of whom also showed peripancreatic lymph-node enlargement. Hepatomegaly was present in 13 patients (72.7 %) and splenomegaly in 9 (50 %). Conclusion. The most prevalent findings of abdominal ultrasound examination of children with T. canis infection are hepatic granulomas and abdominal lymph-node enlargement. This infection should be considered in the differential diagnosis of any children who exhibit these findings on abdominal US examination, especially for those with eosinophilia.
KeywordsDifferential Diagnosis Hemoglobin Level Canis Eosinophilia Ultrasound Examination
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