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The perineal midsagittal view in male fetuses — pivotal for assessing genitourinary disorders

  • Juliette GarelEmail author
  • Eléonore Blondiaux
  • Valeria Della Valle
  • Lucie Guilbaud
  • Farah Khachab
  • Jean-Marie Jouannic
  • Hubert Ducou le Pointe
  • Catherine Garel
Pictorial Essay

Abstract

A wide range of genitourinary pathologies can be diagnosed in utero, from a simple vesicoureteral reflux to a more complex disorder of sexual differentiation. The prognosis and neonatal management of these conditions differ significantly. Evaluation of the fetal perineal anatomy is paramount to making the right diagnosis. The aim of this pictorial essay is to show sonographers how to acquire a perineal midsagittal view in a male fetus, and to demonstrate how this specific view allows assessment of the urethra and penis, to differentiate various genitourinary pathologies.

Keywords

Fetus Genital anomaly Megacystis Penis Perineal midsagittal view Posterior urethral valve Prenatal diagnosis Ultrasound Urethra Vesicoureteral reflux 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Service de RadiologieHôpital d’Enfants Armand-Trousseau APHP, Sorbonne UniversitéParisFrance
  2. 2.Service de Médecine Fœtale, Hôpital d’Enfants Armand-Trousseau APHPSorbonne UniversitéParisFrance

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