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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 49, Issue 12, pp 1595–1609 | Cite as

Physeal bridges: causes, diagnosis, characterization and post-treatment imaging

  • Arthur B. MeyersEmail author
Musculoskeletal imaging
  • 122 Downloads

Abstract

The cartilaginous primary physis, or growth plate, at the end of long bones in children allows for longitudinal bone growth. A variety of insults to the physis can lead to physeal bridge formation, which in turn can lead to limb-shortening and angular deformities. This paper begins with a description of the causes, risk factors and mechanisms by which bridges form. Then it reviews the use of imaging in the diagnosis and characterization of bridges and in the evaluation of treatment and post-treatment complications. It is important for radiologists taking care of children to be aware of the indirect and direct imaging findings of physeal bridges to aid in their diagnosis, to be able to characterize bridges as part of preoperative planning, and to know the imaging finding of post-resection complications.

Keywords

Bone Children Growth disturbance Growth plate Magnetic resonance imaging Physeal bridges Physis Radiography 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest

Dr. Meyers is an author and editor for Amirsys/Elsevier and receives royalties.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyNemours Children’s Hospital and Health SystemOrlandoUSA

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