Imaging of diseases of the vagina and external genitalia in children

  • João Matos
  • Cinzia Orazi
  • Fiammetta Sertorio
  • Gianmichele Magnano
  • Paolo Toma
  • Claudio GranataEmail author
Pictorial Essay


A wide range of congenital or acquired conditions, some pretty rare, may affect the vulva and vagina in children. Swelling, visible or palpable masses and abnormal discharges are common symptoms of conditions affecting the vulva and/or the lower genital tract. The majority of these diseases are benign. Ultrasonography is pivotal to elucidate the anatomical origin of these conditions and make the diagnosis. Magnetic resonance imaging can be relevant to improve diagnostic confidence and, if needed, to plan more accurate surgical treatment. The aim of this pictorial essay is to review the related imaging findings to help make radiologists familiar with these conditions.


Child Magnetic resonance imaging Ultrasonography Vagina Vulva 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Health SciencesUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly
  2. 2.Department of ImagingIRCCS Bambino Gesù Children’s HospitalRomeItaly
  3. 3.Service of RadiologyIRCCS Istituto Giannina GasliniGenoaItaly

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