Hoverboards: spectrum of injury and association with an uncommon fracture
- 503 Downloads
Self-balancing electric scooters, commonly known as hoverboards, are a new and popular consumer item with recognized fall hazards. The spectrum of injuries associated with hoverboard use has not been studied.
The purpose of this study is to determine the spectrum of radiologically apparent injuries associated with hoverboard use.
Materials and methods
We retrospectively reviewed all imaging studies interpreted at our institution for hoverboard-related injuries during an 8-month period. We recorded patient demographics and injury characteristics.
Thirty-two of the 47 pediatric patients imaged for hoverboard-related injury had radiologically detectable injuries, all fractures. Fifty percent of these 32 patients were female and 50% were male, with a mean age of 12.4 years. There were 42 fractures total, all involving the appendicular skeleton, with 74% in the upper extremities and 26% in the lower extremities. Thirty-eight percent of the fractures involved the physis. A distinct injury pattern was seen in three patients who sustained open distal phalanx juxta-epiphyseal fractures.
Most of the fractures sustained during hoverboard use are commonly seen in everyday pediatric radiology practice, with an overall pattern paralleling that reported in association with skateboard use. However an otherwise uncommon fracture, the distal phalanx juxta-epiphyseal fracture, was identified in association with hoverboard use, and this finding has important treatment implications including need for irrigation and debridement, antibiotic therapy, and potential surgical fixation.
KeywordsChildren Distal phalanx Fracture Hoverboard Juxta-epiphyseal fracture Radiography Self-balancing electric scooter Seymour fracture
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
Dr. Trout reports investigator-initiated grant support from Siemens Healthcare, and honorarium and travel support from Philips Healthcare. He is a consultant for the American College of Radiology and Guerbet Group. Drs. Schapiro, Lall and Anton have no potential conflicts of interest to report.
- 1.United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (2015) Statement from the U.S. CPSC chairman Elliot F. Kaye on the safety of hoverboards. https://www.cpsc.gov/about-cpsc/chairman/elliot-f-kaye/statements/statement-us-cpsc-chairman-elliot-f-kaye-safety. Accessed 16 Nov 2016
- 2.United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (2016) Statement from U.S. CPSC chairman Elliot F. Kaye on the safety of hoverboards and the status of the investigation. https://www.cpsc.gov/about-cpsc/chairman/elliot-f-kaye/statements/statement-us-cpsc-chairman-elliot-f-kaye-safety-0. Accessed 29 Nov 2016
- 3.United States Consumer Product Safety Commission (2016) Self-balancing scooters/hoverboards recalled by 10 firms due to fire hazard. https://www.cpsc.gov/Recalls/2016/Self-Balancing-Scooters-Hoverboards-Recalled-by-10-Firms/. Accessed 29 Nov 2016
- 4.Seymour N (1966) Juxta-epiphyseal fracture of the terminal phalanx of the finger. J Bone Joint Surg (Br) 48:347–349Google Scholar
- 15.Atienza F, Sia C (1976) Editorial: the hazards of skateboard-riding. Pediatrics 57:793Google Scholar
- 23.American Academy of Pediatrics, Committee on Accident and Injury Prevention (1989) Skateboard injuries. Pediatrics 83:1070–1071Google Scholar