Animated educational video to prepare children for MRI without sedation: evaluation of the appeal and value
MRI scans can be distressing for children and often require sedation. Educating children about what to expect reduces anxiety and increases likelihood of successful non-sedated MRI scans. Multimedia tools are a popular means of education. Animated video could provide a free, accessible method of preparing children for MRI scans.
To evaluate a new animation video for preparing children for MRI, specifically for decreasing in-scanner motion and examination failure.
Materials and methods
We recruited 24 healthy children ages 5–11 years. Participants underwent pre- and post-viewing questionnaires and structured interviews. We then compared median Likert scale score changes between pre- and post-animation questions and analyzed the interview framework. Participants were filmed viewing the animation to calculate time spent looking at the screen to assess how well the video retained children’s attention.
There were significant improvements in median scores regarding what to expect, checking for metal and keeping still. There were no significant changes in other knowledge-based topics. There were significant improvements in median scores for anxiety-based topics. On average, children watched the screen for 98.9% of the 174-s animation.
The animation improved knowledge, reduced anxiety, retained attention and was enjoyed by participants. It can be accessed freely via the Internet to help prepare children ages 5–11 for having an MRI scan.
KeywordsChild Education Magnetic resonance imaging Multi-media Preparation
The authors would like to acknowledge the support of the children who took part in this study, their parents and other caregivers, and the staff of Fairway Primary School and the Long Eaton Sports Acrobatics Club.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflicts of interest
- 2.Chou I, Tench C, Gowland P et al (2014) Subjective discomfort in children receiving 3T MRI and experienced adults’ perspective on children's tolerability of 7T: a cross-sectional questionnaire survey. BMJ Open 4:e006094Google Scholar
- 8.(2014) One of a kind — a children's guide to radiography. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8pBjobqdtrc. Accessed 1st August 2016.
- 11.Garland R (1991) The midpoint on a rating scale: is it desirable? Mark Bull 2:66–70Google Scholar
- 14.Greenberg LM, Waldman ID (1993) Developmental normative data on the test of variables of attention (T.O.V.A.). J Child Psychol Psychiatry 34(6):1019–30Google Scholar