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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 45, Supplement 3, pp 463–472 | Cite as

Pediatric central nervous system vascular malformations

  • Ezra A. Burch
  • Darren B. OrbachEmail author
Advances in Pediatric Neuroradiology

Abstract

Pediatric central nervous system (CNS) vascular anomalies include lesions found only in the pediatric population and also the full gamut of vascular lesions found in adults. Pediatric-specific lesions discussed here include infantile hemangioma, vein of Galen malformation and dural sinus malformation. Some CNS vascular lesions that occur in adults, such as arteriovenous malformation, have somewhat distinct manifestations in children, and those are also discussed. Additionally, children with CNS vascular malformations often have associated broader vascular conditions, e.g., PHACES (posterior fossa anomalies, hemangioma, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, eye anomalies and sternal anomalies), hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, and capillary malformation–arteriovenous malformation syndrome (related to the RASA1 mutation). The treatment of pediatric CNS vascular malformations has greatly benefited from advances in endovascular therapy, including technical advances in adult interventional neuroradiology. Dramatic advances in therapy are expected to stem from increased understanding of the genetics and vascular biology that underlie pediatric CNS vascular malformations.

Keywords

Arteriovenous malformation Children Dural sinus malformation Infantile hemangioma Magnetic resonance imaging PHACES Ultrasonography Vein of Galen malformation 

Notes

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Neurointerventional RadiologyBoston Children’s HospitalBostonUSA

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