Imaging in congenital pulmonary vein anomalies: the role of computed tomography
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Pulmonary venous anomalies comprise a wide spectrum of anatomical variations and their clinical presentations may vary from the relatively benign single partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) to the critical obstructed total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). We briefly review the common anomalies encountered, while highlighting the utility that computed tomographic angiography (CTA) provides for this spectrum of extracardiac vascular malformations and connections. CTA has established itself as an invaluable imaging modality in these patients. A detailed knowledge of the CTA imaging findings in pulmonary venous anomalies is crucial to guide clinical decision-making in these patients.
KeywordsPulmonary venous anomalies Computed tomography angiography Total anomalous pulmonary venous connection Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection Scimitar syndrome
Conflicts of interest
U. J. Schoepf is a consultant for and receives research support from Bayer, Bracco, GE, Medrad and Siemens. K. Dyer, A. Hlavacek, F. Meinel, C. De Cecco, A. McQuiston and N. Pietris have no disclosures.
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