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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 44, Issue 8, pp 910–925 | Cite as

Meniscal pathology in children: differences and similarities with the adult meniscus

  • Michael L. Francavilla
  • Ricardo Restrepo
  • Kathryn W. Zamora
  • Vijaya Sarode
  • Stephen M. Swirsky
  • Douglas Mintz
Review

Abstract

The normal meniscus undergoes typical developmental changes during childhood, reaching a mature adult appearance by approximately 10 years of age. In addition to recognizing normal meniscal appearances in children, identifying abnormalities — such as tears and the different types of discoid meniscus and meniscal cysts, as well as the surgical implications of these abnormalities — is vital in pediatric imaging. The reported incidence of meniscal tears in adolescents and young adults has increased because of increased sports participation and more widespread use of MRI. This review discusses the normal appearance of the pediatric meniscus, meniscal abnormalities, associated injuries, and prognostic indicators for repair.

Keywords

Knee Trauma Meniscus Meniscal cyst Discoid meniscus Magnetic resonance imaging Child Adolescent 

Notes

Conflicts of interest

None

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael L. Francavilla
    • 1
  • Ricardo Restrepo
    • 1
  • Kathryn W. Zamora
    • 1
  • Vijaya Sarode
    • 1
  • Stephen M. Swirsky
    • 3
  • Douglas Mintz
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Miami Children’s HospitalMiamiUSA
  2. 2.Hospital for Special SurgeryNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of Orthopedics, Miami Children’s HospitalMiamiUSA

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