Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp 216–221 | Cite as

Application of 3-D printing (rapid prototyping) for creating physical models of pediatric orthopedic disorders

  • Zbigniew A. Starosolski
  • J. Herman Kan
  • Scott D. Rosenfeld
  • Rajesh Krishnamurthy
  • Ananth Annapragada
Technical Innovation


Three-dimensional printing called rapid prototyping, a technology that is used to create physical models based on a 3-D computer representation, is now commercially available and can be created from CT or MRI datasets. This technical innovation paper reviews the specific requirements and steps necessary to apply biomedical 3-D printing of pediatric musculoskeletal disorders. We discuss its role for the radiologist, orthopedist and patient.


Biomedical three-dimensional printing Rapid prototyping Computed tomography Magnetic resonance imaging Orthopedic disorders Physical models Pediatric 


Conflicts of interest



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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zbigniew A. Starosolski
    • 1
    • 3
  • J. Herman Kan
    • 1
  • Scott D. Rosenfeld
    • 2
  • Rajesh Krishnamurthy
    • 1
  • Ananth Annapragada
    • 1
  1. 1.The Singleton Department of Pediatric RadiologyTexas Children’s HospitalHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Orthopedic SurgeryTexas Children’s HospitalHoustonUSA
  3. 3.Faculty of Automatic Control, Electronics and Computer ScienceSilesian University of TechnologyGliwicePoland

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