Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 490–501 | Cite as

The role of CT angiography in the evaluation of pediatric renovascular hypertension

  • Jessica Kurian
  • Monica Epelman
  • Kassa Darge
  • Kevin Meyers
  • Els Nijs
  • Jeffrey C. Hellinger
Pictorial Essay

Abstract

Historically, the evaluation of renovascular hypertension has been accomplished by US, renal scintigraphy and digital subtraction angiography. Based on its high accuracy reported in adults renal CT angiography (CTA) with pediatric-appropriate low radiation dose techniques has become an important tool in the workup of renovascular hypertension in children. Renal CTA has several advantages over more conventional imaging modalities, including rapid and non-invasive acquisition, high resolution and easy reproducibility. Additionally, in our experience high-quality renal CTA can be performed using low-dose radiation exposures and can be acquired without sedation in most instances. This article illustrates by examples the usefulness of renal CTA for diagnosis of childhood renovascular hypertension and provides an overview of renal CTA findings in the most common childhood renovascular diseases.

Keywords

Renovascular hypertension Renal artery stenosis CT angiography 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica Kurian
    • 1
    • 3
  • Monica Epelman
    • 1
    • 4
  • Kassa Darge
    • 1
  • Kevin Meyers
    • 2
  • Els Nijs
    • 1
  • Jeffrey C. Hellinger
    • 1
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, The Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaThe Perelman School of Medicine, University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Division of Nephrology, The Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaThe Perelman School of Medicine, University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.The Children’s Hospital at MontefioreBronxUSA
  4. 4.Department of RadiologyNemours Children’s HospitalOrlandoUSA
  5. 5.New York Cardiovascular Institute and Lenox Hill RadiologyNew YorkUSA

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