Characteristic scapular and rib changes on chest radiographs of children with ADA-deficiency SCIDS in the first year of life
We describe radiographic changes in the ribs and scapulae seen in the first 6 months of life in children with ADA (adenosine deaminase) deficiency severe combined immundeficiency syndrome (SCIDS). We suggest that these changes are reversible with appropriate enzyme replacement therapy.
The purpose of this study was to describe characteristic rib and scapular radiographic changes in infants with ADA-deficiency SCIDS.
Materials and methods
This was a retrospective review of chest radiographs of nine children with ADA-deficiency SCIDS performed in the first year of life by two experienced pediatric radiologists. A control cohort of unaffected children was used for comparison.
All children with ADA-deficiency SCIDS manifested unusual scapular spurring and anterior rib cupping. None of the control children manifested these changes.
Characteristic and reversible scapular and rib changes in the correct clinical setting should suggest an early diagnosis of ADA deficiency, prompting appropriate diagnostic and therapeutic measures.
KeywordsDysplasia Immunodeficiency Children
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