Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 43, Issue 4, pp 436–443 | Cite as

Different imaging strategies in febrile urinary tract infection in childhood. What, when, why?

  • Diego De PalmaEmail author
  • Gianantonio Manzoni


Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common problem in childhood. During the last decade, published papers led to a deep revision in the use and usefulness of imaging tools in children with febrile UTIs. This new body of knowledge was partially endorsed by the guidelines published in 2007 by the UK’s National Institute for Clinical Excellence and in 2011 by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Nevertheless, new data continuously arise and the scientific debate always revives. Recommendations of published guidelines and strengths and weaknesses of the available biochemical and imaging tools are here critically analysed for giving to the reader a complete, up-to-date and flexible overview on this hot topic.


Urinary tract infection Imaging Vesicoureteral reflux Scintigraphy 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.UO Nuclear MedicineOspedale di Circolo e Fondazione MacchiVareseItaly
  2. 2.UOSD Paediatric UrologyFondazione Cà Granda IRCCS Ospedale Maggiore PoliclinicoMilanoItaly

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