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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 41, Issue 7, pp 832–838 | Cite as

CT scans in young people in Northern England: trends and patterns 1993–2002

  • Mark S. PearceEmail author
  • Jane A. Salotti
  • Kieran McHugh
  • Wenhua Metcalf
  • Kwang P. Kim
  • Alan W. Craft
  • Louise Parker
  • Elaine Ron
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Although CT can be greatly beneficial, its relatively high radiation doses have caused public health concerns.

Objective

To assess patterns in CT usage among patients aged less than 22 years in Northern England during the period 1993–2002.

Materials and methods

Electronic data were obtained from radiology information systems of all nine National Health Service trusts in the region.

Results

A total of 38,681 scans had been performed in 20,483 patients aged less than 22 years. The number of CT examinations rose, with the steepest increase between 1997 and 2000. The number of patients scanned per year increased less dramatically, with 2.24/1,000 population aged less than 22 years having one scan or more in 1993 compared to 3.54/1,000 in 2002. This reflects an increase in the median number of scans per patient, which rose from 1 in 1993 to 2 by 1999. More than 70% of CT examinations were of the head, with the number of head examinations varying with time and patient age.

Conclusion

The frequency of CT scans in this population more than doubled during the study period. This is partly, but not wholly, explained by an increase in the number of scans per patient.

Keywords

Radiation dose Computed tomography Trends Child 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by contract NO2-CP-75501 from the United States National Cancer Institute and through funding from the Radiation Research Programme of the United Kingdom Department of Health. We thank the staff in radiology departments across the Northern Region of England who contributed data to this study and Mrs. Katharine Kirton and Mr. Richard Hardy for their assistance with the study. We also thank Dr. John Kotre for his comments on the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark S. Pearce
    • 1
    Email author
  • Jane A. Salotti
    • 1
  • Kieran McHugh
    • 2
  • Wenhua Metcalf
    • 1
  • Kwang P. Kim
    • 3
  • Alan W. Craft
    • 4
  • Louise Parker
    • 5
  • Elaine Ron
    • 6
  1. 1.Institute of Health and SocietyNewcastle University, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria InfirmaryNewcastle upon TyneUK
  2. 2.Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS TrustLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of Nuclear EngineeringKyung Hee UniversityGyeongi-DoRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Northern Institute of Cancer Research, Sir James Spence Institute, Royal Victoria InfirmaryNewcastle UniversityNewcastle upon TyneUK
  5. 5.Departments of Medicine and Paediatrics, Population Cancer Research ProgramDalhousie University and Cancer Care Nova ScotiaHalifaxCanada
  6. 6.Radiation Epidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and GeneticsNational Cancer InstituteBethesdaUSA

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