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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 41, Issue 7, pp 884–889 | Cite as

MR evaluation of fetal demise

  • Teresa VictoriaEmail author
  • Elena Capilla
  • Nancy Anne Chauvin
  • Ann M. Johnson
  • Sandra Sue Kramer
  • Monica Epelman
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Fetal demise is an uncommon event encountered at MR imaging. When it occurs, recognition by the interpreting radiologist is important to initiate appropriate patient management.

Objective

To identify MR findings of fetal demise.

Materials and methods

Following IRB approval, a retrospective search of the radiology fetal MR database was conducted searching the words “fetal demise” and “fetal death.” Fetuses with obvious maceration or no sonographic confirmation of death were excluded. Eleven cases formed the study group. These were matched randomly to live fetuses of similar gestational age. Images were reviewed independently by three pediatric radiologists.

Results

The deceased fetus demonstrates decreased MR soft-tissue contrast and definition of tissue planes, including loss of gray-white matter differentiation in the brain. The signal within the cardiac chambers, when visible, is bright on HASTE sequences from the stagnant blood; the heart is small. Pleural effusions and decreased lung volumes may be seen. Interestingly, the fetal orbits lose their anatomical round shape and become smaller and more elliptical; a dark, irregular rim resembling a mask may be seen.

Conclusion

Although fetal demise is uncommonly encountered at MR imaging, radiologists should be aware of such imaging findings so prompt management can be instituted.

Keywords

Fetal MRI Fetal demise 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Teresa Victoria
    • 1
    Email author
  • Elena Capilla
    • 2
  • Nancy Anne Chauvin
    • 1
  • Ann M. Johnson
    • 1
  • Sandra Sue Kramer
    • 1
  • Monica Epelman
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyThe Children’s Hospital of PhiladelphiaPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Hospital Universitario Clinico San Carlos de MadridMadridSpain

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