Pediatric Radiology

, 40:82

PET imaging in pediatric neuroradiology: current and future applications

  • Sunhee Kim
  • Noriko Salamon
  • Hollie A. Jackson
  • Stefan Blüml
  • Ashok Panigrahy
Minisymposium

DOI: 10.1007/s00247-009-1457-5

Cite this article as:
Kim, S., Salamon, N., Jackson, H.A. et al. Pediatr Radiol (2010) 40: 82. doi:10.1007/s00247-009-1457-5

Abstract

Molecular imaging with positron emitting tomography (PET) is widely accepted as an essential part of the diagnosis and evaluation of neoplastic and non-neoplastic disease processes. PET has expanded its role from the research domain into clinical application for oncology, cardiology and neuropsychiatry. More recently, PET is being used as a clinical molecular imaging tool in pediatric neuroimaging. PET is considered an accurate and noninvasive method to study brain activity and to understand pediatric neurological disease processes. In this review, specific examples of the clinical use of PET are given with respect to pediatric neuroimaging. The current use of co-registration of PET with MR imaging is exemplified in regard to pediatric epilepsy. The current use of PET/CT in the evaluation of head and neck lymphoma and pediatric brain tumors is also reviewed. Emerging technologies including PET/MRI and neuroreceptor imaging are discussed.

Keywords

PET/CT Pediatric brain tumors Lymphoma Epilepsy 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sunhee Kim
    • 1
  • Noriko Salamon
    • 2
  • Hollie A. Jackson
    • 3
  • Stefan Blüml
    • 3
  • Ashok Panigrahy
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyChildren’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMCPittsburghUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Ronald Reagan UCLA Medical CenterUCLA David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLALos AngelesUSA
  3. 3.Department of Radiology, Childrens Hospital Los AngelesKeck School of Medicine of USCLos AngelesUSA

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