Follow-up skeletal surveys for nonaccidental trauma: can a more limited survey be performed?
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Studies have demonstrated the value of the follow-up skeletal survey in identifying additional fractures, clarifying indeterminate findings, and improving dating of skeletal injuries in victims of physical abuse.
To determine whether a more limited follow-up survey could yield the same radiologic data as a full follow-up survey.
Materials and methods
The study cohort comprised 101 children who had follow-up surveys that met our inclusion criteria. Consensus readings of both original and follow-up surveys were performed by two pediatric radiologists. These results were compared to determine additional findings from the follow-up surveys. Limited skeletal survey protocols were evaluated to determine whether they would detect the same fractures seen with a complete osseous survey.
In the 101 children 244 fractures were identified on the initial osseous survey. Follow-up surveys demonstrated new information in 38 children (37.6%). A 15-view limited follow-up survey identified all additional information seen on the complete follow-up survey.
Our data demonstrate that a 15-view limited follow-up skeletal survey could be performed without missing clinically significant new fractures and still allow proper identification of confirmed fractures or normal findings. A limited survey would decrease radiation dose in children.
KeywordsChild abuse Skeletal survey
- 1.Slovis TL, Smith WL, Strain JD (2005) Suspected physical abuse – child. ACR appropriateness criteria. http://acr.org/SecondaryMainMenuCategories/quality_safety/app_criteria/pdf/ExpertPanelonPediatricImaging/SuspectedPhysicalAbuseChildDoc9.aspx. Accessed 26 May 2009
- 2.American College of Radiology (2006) ACR practice guideline for skeletal surveys in children. Resolution 22. American College of Radiology, Reston, VA. http://acr.org/SecondaryMainMenuCategories/quality_safety/guidelines/pediatric/skeletal_surveys.aspx. Accessed 26 May 2009