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Pediatric Radiology

, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp 297–304 | Cite as

Gastric volvulus in children: the twists and turns of an unusual entity

  • Sarah K. Oh
  • Bokyung K. Han
  • Terry L. Levin
  • Robyn Murphy
  • Netta M. Blitman
  • Carmen Ramos
Original Article

Abstract

Background

Gastric volvulus in children is uncommon, and characteristic radiographic findings might not be recognized.

Objective

To present the spectrum of clinical and imaging findings, correlate the type of gastric volvulus with clinical outcome, and identify imaging findings to aid in early diagnosis.

Materials and methods

Medical records and imaging findings of ten children with gastric volvulus were reviewed. Imaging included abdominal radiographs, upper gastrointestinal (UGI) series, and CT. The diagnosis (organoaxial, mesenteroaxial or mixed type) was made on the UGI series (n = 9) and CT (n = 1), and confirmed surgically in seven children.

Results

Patients were classified based on presentation: four acute, four chronic, and two neonatal. All of the acute group (three mesenteroaxial and one mixed type) had abnormal radiographic findings: three spherical gastric distension, four paucity of distal gas, three elevated left hemidiaphragm, one overlapping pylorus and gastric fundus, one unusual nasogastric tube course, and one situs inversus. All underwent emergent surgery. Three had diaphragmatic abnormalities. One had heterotaxy. Patients in the chronic group (three organoaxial, one mesenteroaxial) had long-standing symptoms. Most had associated neurologic abnormalities. In the neonatal group, organoaxial volvulus was found incidentally on the UGI series.

Conclusion

A spectrum of findings in gastric volvulus exists. Mesenteroaxial volvulus has greater morbidity and mortality. Radiographic findings of spherical gastric dilatation, paucity of distal gas and diaphragmatic elevation are suggestive of acute volvulus, particularly in patients with predisposing factors.

Keywords

Gastric volvulus Organoaxial Mesenteroaxial Children 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah K. Oh
    • 1
  • Bokyung K. Han
    • 1
  • Terry L. Levin
    • 1
  • Robyn Murphy
    • 2
  • Netta M. Blitman
    • 1
  • Carmen Ramos
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyChildren’s Hospital at Montefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyMorristown Memorial HospitalMorristownUSA
  3. 3.Department of Pediatric SurgeryChildren’s Hospital at Montefiore Medical CenterBronxUSA

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