Poly-epiphyseal overgrowth: description of a previously unreported skeletal dysplasia
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A skeletal dysplasia with previously unreported features is presented. Its evolution was characterized by growth abnormalities of bones without involvement of other organs. Advanced bone age, increased stature and irregular epiphyseal ossification with stippling of the main long bones were documented. Physeal overgrowth was massive in the left proximal humerus and femur. Furthermore, the hip joint appeared fused with an abundant mass of pathological calcific tissue extending from the femur to the ilium. Pathological epiphyses were characterized by anarchic cartilaginous proliferation with multiple ossification centres, while lamellar bone apposition and remodelling were normal. The observed bone changes were different from those in any previously reported syndrome, metabolic defect or bone dysplasia. However, they clearly indicated a defect of endochondral ossification with some resemblance to phenotypes observed in dysplasia epiphysealis hemimelica.
KeywordsEpiphyseal growth Skeletal dysplasia Growth abnormalities Physeal overgrowth
The authors are grateful to Prof. A. Benetti, Morbid Anatomy Department, University of Brescia, for processing tissue samples and for useful discussions during preparation of this article.